Imagine your life without a toothbrush, mobile phone, refrigerator, comb, bucket, camera, or even a desk and chair. “What a weird question” could probably peek out instantly from your mouth. Well, if you say you can survive on wooden combs or steel buckets, you would readily become the talk of the town. Gone are those days when people were dependent upon other materials to fulfil their daily needs and requirements. Besides, plastic is not just used widely in manufacturing appliances in our day-to-day life, but they’ve also become a part of various industries, namely, building and construction, aviation and space technology, and automobiles. In fact, automobile industry is one of the largest users of plastic and plastic components. The extensive use of plastic has made our life easier and convenient. Plastic technology, as it is widely known, is a branch of technology that constitutes processing, design, development, and manufacture of plastic products. Also referred to as plastic engineering, plastic technology educates one on how to apply the basic principles of engineering in order to produce plastic products by assisting and guiding engineers and other professionals. Also, research, innovation, and launching of new products form a part of the job of a plastic technologist. The ever-growing use of plastic has increased the scope of plastic technology, with increasing demand for plastic technologists and engineers. With over 50 different varieties of plastic produced across India, one can estimate the growth prospects of pursuing a plastic engineering course. Umpteen job opportunities can be looked upon in both public and private sectors.
Plastic is the most widely used material all over the world. Plastic is increasingly being used as a substitute to materials like rubber, wood, glass and paper in packaging industry and metals in other industries.
Making a career in Plastic Technology or Plastic Engineering is perhaps a right option as the Indian plastic industry has enormous opportunities for growth.
Plastic Engineering consists of processing, designing, developing, and manufacturing plastic products. Plastic is a synthetic material made from a wide range of organic polymers and they can be molded into shape while soft and then set into a rigid or slightly elastic form. What do plastic engineers do? Plastic engineers deal with plastic materials and plastic machineries. Plastic machineries include devices, tools and machines used to make plastic products. Like other engineering disciplines, in plastic engineering too, economics play an important role.
It took 100 years; but plastic has finally overshadowed other materials to become the “all purpose” material. Right from domestic items to automobile parts to packaging, plastic is in its booming stage. With this, the plastic industry has generated infinite job opportunities in almost all sectors of the economy. A plastic technologist can find job openings in public sector organizations, such as Oil India Limited, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Petroleum Conservation Research Association of India, and Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Further, employment is also offered by petrochemical engineering plants, polymer companies, and private companies dealing in the production and marketing of plastic commodities. What’s more, big industrial houses in India that have set up research laboratories for developing new products and plants for producing new materials also require plastic technologists.
Plastic technologists and professionals are in great demand in today’s ever growing plastic industrial sector. Both public and private sectors offer tremendous job opportunities to plastic technologists and professionals.
The public sector organizations including Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Oil India Limited, polymer corporations of different states, petro-chemical research laboratories, and the Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals offer several jobs to plastic professionals in their various positions. Others regularly recruit chemical engineers and plastic technologists.
Moreover, there are large petrochemical engineering plants and various private companies dealing with the production and marketing of plastics commodities which offer attractive employment opportunities.
Over the last decade, plastics technology and polymer sciences have attracted multi-crore investments from some of the biggest industrial houses in India. Companies like Reliance, Spic, Nocil, Finolex and others have set up plants to produce raw materials as well as research laboratories to develop new products.
Today, the plastic industry is playing a significant role in the growth and development of key sectors of the economy such as agriculture, through plasticulture, packaging for processed foods, telecommunications and information technology sector .
Nature of Work
Let us just focus on core plastic manufacturing plant work. A plastic engineer is involved in phases like design, processing and manufacturing of plastic materials and products. In some cases, they are even involved in marketing of these products.
Typical plastic engineer spends most of his/her time supervising or taking part in the design, manufacturing and processing phases. Some of the common job profiles available in front of plastic engineers include-
Quality Control Engineer
Firms involved in production, processing and design of plastic products and materials are the prime recruiters. Polymer processing and production units are also known to hire them. Since plastic materials are also used in pharmaceutical sector, plastic engineers may find a job in this sector too.
Labs and research firms involved in research work (on plastic materials and relevant synthetic materials) are also known to hire plastic engineers. Refineries, oil and natural gas firms and petrochemical companies hire them. ONGC, OIL, Government refineries etc. are some of the well-known Government sector recruiters.
Ministry of Petroleum
Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC)
Oil India Laboratories
Petrochemicals Engineering Plants
Indian Institute of Petroleum
SELF EMPLOYMENTSelf employment is another good opportunity available in front of graduates. If one has access to decent financial resources, he/she may start own small/medium scale plastic products manufacturing firm.
Other than manufacturing, graduates may also indulge in marketing, import and export of general household or special plastic products.
Top Colleges Offering UG/PG/Other Courses
India boasts of a number of prestigious and esteemed institutions offering courses in plastic engineering. The leading institutions include: Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology (CIPET), Chennai and Lucknow; Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), New Delhi; Madras Institute of Technology (MIT), Anna University, Chennai; LD College of Engineering, Ahmedabad; North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon; Indian Plastic Institute (IPI), Mumbai; Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur; Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad; Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur; Birla Institute of Technology Mesra, Ranchi; Nirma Institute of Technology, Ahmedabad; Delhi College of Engineering, New Delhi; University College of Science & Technology, Calcutta University, Kolkata; and SSE College of Engineering & Technology, Akola, Maharashtra.
Top 10 Colleges/Institutes in India
|1||Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|2||Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|3||LD College of Engineering, Ahmedabad||Gujarat|
|4||Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|5||University of Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|6||Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad||Gujarat|
|7||Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar||Odisha|
|8||University Institute of Chemical Technology, Jalgaon||Maharashtra|
|9||Government Polytechnic, Nashik||Maharashtra|
|10||Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, Ahmedabad|